Recently, I have been talking about customer value a lot. This perspective has been shared here. It is time to share some thoughts about business value for organizations. This blog is a continuation of my previous one, where I mainly focused on customers.

It is widely known that companies exist to make money, satisfy shareholders, and investors, increase market share, etc. This is a typical purpose for such organizations (unless they are non-profit).

What is business value?

Perhaps, there is no single definition of business value. The concept may vary depending on the context. However, it might be considered as a benefit for an organization. Some examples:

RevenueCost savingsCost avoidanceShareholder ValueMarket ShareReducing WasteImproving Operational Effectiveness of ProcessesBrand Image/ReputationEmployee EngagementSocial ResponsibilityCustomer ValueInnovationsTime-to-MarketMany more


Tip for the Product Owners: define what is a business value in your context?


Make a profit/save costs – Product Owners should not forget about it.

Delivering value for the organization requires balancing business and customer value. While it’s crucial to make a profit, organizations should also ensure that they consider customers’ outcomes.

I have observed in companies that most Product Owners are unaware if their products are increasing their revenues. In addition, some of them are not aware of the cost of their products. The most worrying situation is when investments in a product are not tracked, and the organization buries all inconvenient facts about it. I have seen such cases several times. This is a question about ethics as well.

Let me cite the words of Warren Buffett “Rule No. 1 is never lose money. Rule No. 2 is never forget Rule No.1.



There are several reasons explaining why these Product Owners have little knowledge about the revenue/cost of their products (for instance, unempowered Product Owners, project-oriented organizations, and so on), but this blog post is not about it. You might find more about empowering Product Owners here.


If you are a Product Owner or Product Manager, consider how likely your products are losing money unnecessarily?


Empiricism and Evidence-Based Management might help here to make better product decisions.

Another question to Product Owners: Do you have a Business Strategy? 
In a Product Business Strategy, you can indicate the whole big picture of your product, including revenue streams, cost structure and customer archetypes.

Business value and business agility

Business value is strongly related to the organization’s ability to make fast business decisions based on market changes, customers, and business trends and pivot when needed.

Business agility inter alios means that Product Owners are prepared for changes as they are inevitable. Business strategies and product visions might evolve once the change occurs.

This topic requires more attention and a separate paper as business agility refers not only to the ability mentioned above but also to organizational culture and other areas.

Business value and customer value

It is worth emphasizing again that the greater value you deliver to your customers should be reflected in business value.

Having only revenue-related Product Goals might not be a good idea. On the other hand, neglecting profits and the company’s business conditions can result in poor product profitability.

The topic was covered in several papers:

Final tips:

Be transparentEmploy empiricismHave data that may help you make product decisionsMeasure business valueBe aware of the costs of your productAvoid waste (unnecessary procedures, processes, and delivering features that nobody wants)Balance customer value and business valueEmpower teams to be more creative and innovativeHave a Product Business StrategyBe aware of current market trends and respond to themPay attention to the ability to make rapid changes when needed

End note

While customer value is crucial, Product Owners cannot forget the business side. Measure and have data. Make your product valuable for customers and profitable for the organization.





“This article was written by a human, me, not AI.” – Magdalena Firlit, PST

Business Value is discussed and practiced in my several courses. Especially, Professional Scrum Product Owner Advanced and PAL- Evidence-Based Management. Check them out:

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